Fear, dread, and unease are common symptoms of anxiety. It can make you sweat, feel restless and tight, and cause your heart to race. It may be a natural reaction to stress. When confronted with a challenging situation at work, before taking a test, or before making a significant choice, you could feel apprehensive.
Anxiety can cause by various factors, including financial issues, relationship difficulties, and employment troubles. That had referred to as the "fight or flight" reaction, and it can help a person respond to a dangerous circumstance.
People usually return to normal once the troubling situation has passed. On the other hand, anxiety symptoms are persistent in persons with anxiety disorders, disrupting their everyday lives.
Anxiety disorders and their symptoms include the following:
• Excessive concern or anxiety about numerous activities or situations characterises a GAD (GAD). The psychological symptoms must occur more frequently than not and for at least six months to be diagnosed with GAD. Restlessness, weariness, irritability, trouble focusing, muscular tightness, and sleeplessness are some of the physical signs of worry.
• Fear of losing control is one of the cognitive symptoms of panic disorder. During a panic attack, a person may feel disconnected from himself and their environment. A patient with panic disorder worries about panic episodes in the future.
It's also possible that it changed their behaviour to keep them away from circumstances that may trigger a panic attack. Heart palpitations, shivering, dizziness, and shortness of breath are some of the physical anxiety symptoms of panic disorder.
• social anxiety disorder (SAD) had characterised by a worry about being examined by others in social circumstances, which might lead to an unfavourable evaluation. Anxiety, uneasiness, and panic episodes are all common psychological symptoms. Rapid pulse, muscular tension, and shaking are all physical indications.
• Specific phobias, such as aerophobia, cause an overpowering sensation of terror, a fear of losing control, and an urgent need to flee the feared environment. A racing heart, trouble breathing, and shivering or shaking are common physical anxiety symptoms of specific phobias.
Anxiety disorders are a specific sort of mental illness. Anxiety makes getting through the day tricky. Nervousness, panic, terror, sweat, and a quick heartbeat are all symptoms. Medication and psychological treatment therapy are some of the options for treatment.
Anxiety disorders, like physical health difficulties like hypertension or coronary artery disease, are medical diseases you should take care of.
Even though anxiety disorders may be treated appropriately, only around one-third of those who suffer from them obtain the medicine or counselling they require. While anxiety problems can be debilitating, it's important to remember that they impact many people.
Anxiety disorders can have a variety of causes, many of which are complex and include several factors. Anxiety may cause by several reasons, which are listed below:
Personality features: Numerous psychological qualities may increase the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders can develop in people who are easily agitated, have low self-esteem, or have a dominating mentality.
Stressful life events- Anxiety disorders can occur due to stressful life experiences such as Following a stressful occurrence. You may experience psychological anguish.
• Relationships between people
• Trauma, either physical or mental
• A job change or work-related stress
Genetic inheritance: Anxiety disorders can pass down through generations, and persons with a close family who has one are more likely to get one themselves. Having an immediate family with an anxiety disorder, on the other hand, does not guarantee that a person would get one as well.
Other psychiatric conditions: mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety disorders, may make it more likely to acquire another anxiety disorder.
Physical health problems: Problems with physical health Anxiety disorders can be exacerbated by long-term medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, or high blood pressure.
Anxiety disorders would treat in the same way as other medical problems, and while you can't heal them entirely, it may effectively control them. You may take significant actions to reduce your anxiety symptoms and recover control of your overall well-being after better knowledge of your situation. Exaggerated anxieties can be reduced with the correct therapy, usually allowing you to operate daily.
According to studies, anxiety problems affect around a third of the adult population. Since anxiety disorders are common, only 36.9% of patients obtain proper treatment. Anxiety disorders are highly treatable, which is excellent news. Anxiety medication, psychotherapy, or both seem to work effectively for most people.
In the treatment of anxiety disorders, the following drugs had often used:
Xanax (alprazolam tablets): Alprazolam was approved for medicinal use by the FDA in the early 1980s and is frequently used to treat anxiety symptoms. Sedative, anxiolytic, and muscle-relaxing properties are all present in this medicine.
Ativan (lorazepam): Ativan is a medication used to treat anxiety (lorazepam). Lorazepam is on the List of Essential Medicines of the World Health Organization. Sedation and relief from anxiety are among the immediate effects of this benzodiazepine. It's a short-acting medicine that quickly gets absorbed and out of the body.
Klonopin (clonazepam): Klonopin (clonazepam) is a sedative that takes action within an hour of injection and lasts for 6 to 12 hours. Anticonvulsant, anti-anxiety, sedative, and muscle relaxant properties are all present in this medicine.
Valium 10 mg (diazepam): Diazepam is also listed on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines and is one of the most often used pharmaceuticals. Anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative and muscle-relaxing effects are all present in this medicine.
Most patients combine medicine with visits to a psychotherapist to manage their disease. Benzodiazepines' therapeutic action frequently allows individuals to completely participate in psychological therapies such as CBT (CBT). This type of psychotherapy teaches clients how to recognise and manage the causes of their anxiety symptoms. Along with proper pharmaceutical treatment that provides the best short- and long-term therapeutic options for most patients.