What is Anxiety?

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is common in difficult situations like speaking in public or passing an exam. When sensations become overwhelming, all-consuming, and interfere with everyday functioning, anxiety is just a symptom of the underlying sickness.

Anxiety sensations triggered by stressful conditions such as job, test preparation, or financial difficulties had widely seen as natural. When a person has severe anxiety regularly and interferes with everyday life, it would generally diagnose a medical problem.

Anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness, tension, concern, fear, or dread over anything that is going to happen or could happen. Anxiety is a sensation of impending danger, problem, or threat, whereas terror is the emotion we feel when faced with a threat.

Essential parts of an anxiety sufferer's life, such as interpersonal relationships, work performance, and overall well-being, can be disrupted by the symptoms. Despite the high incidence rate of anxiety disorders, only around 37% of patients obtain proper treatment.

Although prolonged anxiety disorders can seriously affect a person's quality of life, the good news is that anxiety is very curable. Benzodiazepines had commonly used to treat people with high blood pressure. According to studies, benzodiazepines had used to treat 55 to 94 per cent of individuals with anxiety disorders in the United States. Studies in Europe and the United Kingdom have found equally high rates of benzodiazepine usage.

What are the signs and symptoms of anxiety?

The anxiety symptoms vary from person to person. The body generally reacts to stress predictably. The following are the five primary forms of anxiety disorders, along with their accompanying symptoms:

1. Symptoms of psychiatric disease-GAD (GAD) is a long-term condition marked by excessive concern and anxiety about different elements of life. GAD affects about 6% of the population at some point in their life.

• feeling restless or anxious
• heart rate has increased
• Anxiety implies a sensation of impending peril.
• Concentration problems
• Sleeping problems that persist

2. The panic disorder was characterised by recurrent panic attacks and acute bouts of dread lasting around 10 minutes. A hammering heart or heart palpitations:
• Breathing problems
• Feeling light-headed or dizzy
• trembling or shaking
• Fear of letting go of power

3. SAD (social anxiety disorder) is a disorder that shows itself in social situations as intense fear and worry. Well over 12% of individuals had thought to suffer from SAD at some time. The fear of seeming uneasy in front of others.

• Anxiety about upcoming performance scenarios
• Interpersonal contacts are avoided
• The fear of eating in public

4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) would be characterised by obsessions, which are unpleasant feelings, thoughts, or emotions, and compulsions, which are behaviours that reduce habits and anxiety. Symptoms of OCD might include addictions, compulsions, or both. Fear of infection or germs

• Unwanted forbidden ideas that are socially unaccepted
• Putting everything in its proper place Excessive cleaning
• There is an urge to double-check items as to whether the oven has turned off or doors are locked.

5. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that affects certain persons who have been through a terrible experience. Approximately 7 to 8% of individuals have PTSD.

• Trauma-related flashbacks or nightmares
• Emotions, locations, people, or activities associated with the trauma are avoided
• Problems with concentration and sleep

What Causes Anxiety?

Anxiety disorders had caused by various factors that aren't entirely understood. Traumatic situations, for example, appear to trigger anxiety disorders in persons who are already anxious. Inherited characteristics can also have a role.

According to research, the following factors may have a role in the development of anxiety disorders:

• Mood control and perception are both linked to chemical imbalances in the brain.
• People who had constantly exposed to high amounts of unresolved stress are more prone to acquire anxiety.
• Anxiety can exacerbate by excessive activity in regions of the brain that control emotions and behaviour.
• An individual's chance of developing an anxiety condition is frequently increased by inherited genes, especially if a parent suffers from anxiety.
• a history of stressful events such as assault, abuse, or trauma
• Heart disease, diabetes, or a respiratory illness such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are examples of persistent physical health issues (COPD)

How to Deal with Anxiety?

Anxiety usually fades when the threat or stressor has passed, and your system has calmed down. However, if you have an anxiety condition, worry might last longer than the triggering event and become exaggerated. Chronic (long-term) or severe anxiety can make it challenging to operate daily.

Medication - benzodiazepines usually are pretty helpful in reducing extreme anxiety, although they cause a lot of discomfort. These drugs have a comparable impact on the body, although the severity and duration of that action vary somewhat.

Xanax pills (alprazolam), Valium (diazepam tablets), zopiclone, and Ativan are all popular benzodiazepines that You may purchase online (lorazepam). These drugs are both safe and effective in treating a variety of anxiety disorders in medical tests. These drugs assist patients in managing their anxiety symptoms, which may be pretty helpful during their therapy.

Psychotherapy: CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) is a type of psychotherapy commonly used to treat people with long-term anxiety disorders. Benzodiazepines, for example, help many patients participate more fully in CBT. In general, a psychotherapist will assist a patient in identifying the factors that are generating their anxiety so that they may work to overcome it.

Patients can benefit from CBT because it includes exposure treatment, allowing them to learn to manage frightening circumstances and gain confidence. Patients must commit to the procedure and attend CBT sessions regularly.

What is the Mechanism of Action of Anti-Anxiety Drugs?

Anxiety medicine works by boosting the action of gamma-aminobutyric acid, a substance found in the brain (GABA). Nerve cells in the central nervous system become hyperactive when a person is tense or anxious. GABA reduces the activity of hyperactive cells while regulating communication between them. GABA has the following effects by slowing down brain functions:

• Anxiety is relieved
• Stress levels are lower
• Improved sleep quality

Anxiety disorders are more frequent when GABA levels in the brain are low. Restlessness, anxiousness, and sleeping difficulties are common physical and mental symptoms they will face. By increasing GABA, this medicine helps to enhance cognition, associated behaviour, and how the body reacts to stress. This aids in the relaxing impact that helps to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of a stressful situation.